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TREATY SERIES . No. 34. 1907. CONVENTION , BETWEEN THE UNITED KINGDOM


539
TREATY SERIES .
No. 34.
1907.
CONVENTION , BETWEEN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND RUSSIA, RELATING TO
PERSIA , AFGHANISTAN, AND THIBET,.

Signed at St . Petersburgh , August 31, 1907.
[Rat;fieations exchanged at St. Pelersbui'yh, September 23, 1907.]
Presented to both (louses of Parliament by Command of His Majesty.
October 1907.

LONDON:
PRINTED FOR HIS MAJESTY ' S STATIONERY OFFICE, BY HARRISON AND SONS, ST . MARTIN' S LANE, PRINTERS IN ORDINARY TO RIE MAJESTY.
And to be purchased either directly or through any Bookseller, from WYMAN AND SONS, LTD., FETTER LANE, E,C.; and 32, ADIxGnoN STREET , WESTMINSTER , S.W. ; or
OLIVER AND BOYD, TWEEDDALE COURT , EDINDURau; or E. PONSONBY , 110, Gu AFTON S TaEEr, DUBLIN. [Cd. 3753.]
Price ld.540
CONYE\TTION BETWEEN THE UNITED KIVG-
DOM AND RUSSIA RELATING Tn PE1iSIA;
AFGHANISTAN, .AND -'rH'IBET.

Signed at St. Petersburgh, Aegust 31, 1907.
[Ratifications exchanged at St. Petersburgh, September 23, 1907.1
L'auiv^ul ion.R

S.A. MajesLL le Roi du Itol:tiume-.Uni do la Graude-Bretagne et d'Irlande'et des Territoires Britanniques all deli des Mors, Ehipereur his Indes, et Sa Majeste 1'Enipereur do Toutes les hussies , auiinc du sincere desir de iegler d'un com4eutenient mutuel differentes questimis toucliant aux interets de leurs Etats stir le Contineut Asiatique , out resole de conclure des accords destines a prdvenir toute cause de inalentendus ontre la Graude- Bretagne et la Russie
par rapport an dites questions et ont nonune a cet effet pour
leurs Plenipotertiaires respectifs , savoir: Sa Majestd 1e Roi . du Roy'aiime - Uni de la Grande - Bretagne et
d'Irlande et des Territoires Britanniques au dela des Mers, Enipereur
des Indes':'
Le Tres Honorable Sir Arthur Nicolson, son Atnbassadeur
Extraordinaire et Plenipotentiaire pies Sa Majeste 1'Elnpereur do
Toutes les Riissies
Sa Majeste 1'Empereur de Toutes les hussies:
Lea Maitre do sa Cour Alexandre _Iswolsky, Ministre des Affaires
Etrangeres;
Lesquels, apres s'etre communique ieurs pieins pouveirs , trquves
on bmine'et due forme , snit cen-edus de eequi suit:-
Arrangement conacernant la Perse.
Les Gouverneuneits de la Grande - Bretagne et do Russie, s'etai t
iiautuelleurent engages it respecter 1'integrit 6 et l'indepe6f1ance
de
II .9.
[107]._5
41
4
la Perse et ddsirant sincerement la prdservation de l'ordre daps
toute 1'dtendue de cc pays et son ddveloppement pacifique, aussi
bien que l'dtablissement permanent d'avantages dgaux pour le
commerce et l'industrie de toutes les autres nations;
Considdrant quo chacun d'.oux a,. pour- dos: raisons. d'ordre
gdographique et dconomique, un intdr@t spdcial all maintien de la
paix.-et de lordre dans certaines provinces de la Terse contignes
on voisines A la frontiers Russo, d'une part, et aux froiitieres do
('Afghanistan et do Beloudjistan, de l'autre; et dtant ddsireux
d'e'viter tout motif de conflit entro lours intdrets respectifs dans
les provinces Persanes dont it a dtd fait mention plus haut ;
Sc sont mis d'accord sur los tormes snivants
I.
La Grande-Bretagne s'cngage it no pas rechercher pour elle-
niome et i t no pas appuyer on favour do sujets Britanniques, aussi
Lion qu'en favour do sujets de Pnissances tierces, do Concessions
quelconques do nature politique on conunerciale, telles que les
Concessions do chemins de fer, de banques, de tdldgraphcs, do
routes, do transport, d'assurance, c., all deli d'une ligno allant de
Kasri-Chirin par Isfahan, ,lend, Kakh, et aboutissant a un point
sur la frontiers Persano a l'intersection des frontieros Russo et
Afghans, eta no pas s'opposer, direetement oil indirecte'ment, u des
demandes do.pareilles Concessions dans cetto rdgion soutenues par
11 est Lien enteridu quo les localitds
To Gouvernement Russo.
montionndos ci-dessus entreat dans In rdgion oA In Grande.
Jiretagno s'engage as no pas rechercher les susdites Concessions,
I r.
La Bussie do son cutd s'engage a no pas rechercher pour elle-
nnoure et a no pas appuyer on favour do sujets Busses, aussi bien
qu'en favour de sujets de Pnissances tierces, do Concessions
quelconques do nature politique on conunerciale, telles que les
Concessions de chemins de for, de banques, de tdldgrapbes, de
routes, de transport, d'assurance, c., all dehk d'u ne ligne allant de
]a frontiers Afghans par Gazik, Birdjand, Kerman et aboutissant
ii Bender -Abbas, et a no pas s'opposer, direetement on indirecte-
ment, it des demandes de pareilles Concessions dans cette region
,soutenues par le Gouvernement Britannique. 11 eat Lion entendu
que les localiitds nnentionndes ci-dessus entreat dans Is region oil la
Bussie s'engage a no pas rechercher les susdites Concessions.
1I r.
La Bussie s'engage pour sa part a no pas s'opposer, sans s'e"tro
prdalablement entendue avec 1'Angleterre, h ce quo des Concessions5
quelcouques soient donuecs a des sujets Britanniques Bans les
regions de la Perse situdes entre les lignes nrentionnees clans les
Articles I et II.
La Grande- Bretagne prend un engagement identique on cequi
concerns des Concessions a Bonner a des sujets Busses dans les
memes regions de la Perse.
Toutes les Concessions existant aetuellenent clans les.rdgions
design6es clans les Articles I et II sont inaintenues.
IV.
II ust mitcudu quo les revams do touies les douaues Persauos,.
a 1'exception de celles du Farsistan ct du Golfe Persique, revams
garantissant l'amortissement ct les in[crets des emprunts conclus
par'le Gonverneneut di Seliah a ]a Banque d'Escompte et do
Frets do Perse-juaqu'h la date do la signature du pre cut Arrange=
malt, seront affect('s au memo but quo par le passe.
II est 6galement entendu quo les revenus des douanes Persaues
du Farsistan et da Golfo Persique, aussi bien que ceus des peeheries
stir Is littoral Persan de In Mer Caspienne et ceus des postes et
t6ldgraphes seront affectds comme par le pass(' an service des
emprunts conclus par leG6uyerneraerit du 'Sebah a la Bangso
Impdriale do Verse jusrpi'a la date do la signature du pr6sent
Arrangement.
V.
En cas cl'irrCguluritcs Bans l'amortissement oil le paiement des
° o °lo des emprunts I'ersans conclus a la Banque d'Escoinpte et
de Frets de Perse et It la Banque Imp('riale de Verse jusqu'h la
(late de la signature du pr6sent Arrangement, et si la n6cessit6 se
prdsente pour la Russie d'instituer un controle stir des sources de
revenus garantissant le service rCgulier des emprunts conclus a la
premiere des Bites-banques et situdes dans la region mentionnde
dans 1'Article II du 'pr6sent Arrangement; oilpour la Grande-
Bretagne d'instituer mi controle sur des sources de revenus
garantissant le service r6gulier des emprunts conclus a la seconde
des dites banques et situdes dans la region mentionnce clans
1'Article I du present Arrangement, les Gouvernements Anglais et
ltussP s'eneagent a entrer prealablement dans un ('change d'iddes
amical en vue de determiner dun commun accord ies inesures do
controle en question et d'6vitei• toute ing6re ce qui no serait pas
conforine aux principes servant de base all present Arrangement.r
543
G'oiinention coiiceI kri l'A1j,kii;tisliii
Parties; Contiaetantes, en vue d'assuier Id parfaite
1A, if
seouiitesttii les" frontieres respect ves eiti Aare Centi_ate et le main-
tien dans ces,.rdgions d'une paix solide et durable; out' eoticlu la`
:-'_:
Convention suivante:-
ARTICLE I.
Le Gouvernement de Sa Majeste Britaunique declare gn'il n 'a
pas l'intention de changer l'etat politique de 1'Afghanistan.
Le Gouvernement de Sa Majeste Britannique s'engage en outre
ii exercei• son influence en Afghanistan seulementans un sens
liacifigtie et• it ne prei?dra ..itas lm m ine en Afghanistan et
n'encourageia pas 1'Afgli•tmstdn ;e prendre des niesiires menagant
la Russie.
be sou cute, leGpuveiiieuieut Imi 6ial de, Russie declare qu'it
reconnait I'Afgh tnistaii comme se t euvant en' d'ehors de la sphere
de Itnfluence Russe; et d.s,engage l se setin pour toutes sea
r`elatiuns polittquea Aeo; IAfg,.anistan de 1'mter'mediaire (lit
f ont ernegient de 5a Mlaleste• Britanmique ; it s'engaae aussi
n `nvoyer aucuns Agents en Afghanistan:
ARTICLE IT,
Le Gouvernement its Sa Majeste Britannique avant declare
dans le Traite signs a Kaboul Is 21 Mars, 1905, qu'il recommit
LArrangement et. lea engagements conclus. avec le defunt Bmir
Abddr 12ahran et qu'ii 'a aucune intention de a'ingerer clans
l'adiiiiiiistratidn inteneure u du territoife Afghan;. Ia Crande-
Bretagne s'enga`ge iti iic Pax an iexer on occuper; cont.,; 11 ent an
slit Traite tine pat tie gnelcongi e de I Afgbauratan , ni t s'ingerer
dans l 'adnnuis trationi , int3rieure dese,pays, sous ieserve que 1'Einir
remplira les eugageme.Ut deja coutiactds , pat lui, a 1'egard du
b,onvernMtent de .-a Majeste Britannique on Berta du Traite
siisnientioiine:
A'11TICLE in;
ai torites Rus"ses et' Aiglianes; speoialeinent designees It cet
effet; sur la frontiers On dans de's iifbvirices' frorrtieres, pourrout
etablir des ielatiou's diiecteg r6ciprogitea pout regler lea questions
Iocalesd'un 'car"acteie non politique.
ARTICLE IN'.
Les Gouvernements de la Grande-Bretagne at de Russie
declarant reconnaitre, par rapport a I'Afghanistan, le principe de
1'egalite de traitement pour cc qui concerne le commerce, et con-
viennent que toutes lea facilites qui out etc ou seront acquises a544
zy-
I'avenir an cormaerue et rsiu .e oniuihi•s.nts Anglais ct Anglo-
Indiens , seront dgalement appliqukes an commerce et aux coin-
mergants Busses. Si le ddveloppenieirt du conirni6r Ee vieift a
ddrnontrer ]a nkce'ssit6 tl'agents coniiiierciaux , les denx Goiiveiid=
ments s'eutendront sur les rnesures a prenclre , eu 6gard Bien
entendu aux droits souverains de I'Emir.
ARTICLE V.
Lea ji'6seiits Ariatigeiiicnts ir'enireroiit en vigiieuF ijri' a,paitir
du moment on le Gouverneinent Britaiiriique nuiii »otifid Ad
Gouvernement do P,nssie le consentement de I'xmir aux termes ci-
dessus stipules.
A t rirN^r,,u-n( co;1ec"ui11t to .''I'hibet.
Les Couvernements do la Grande-Bretagne et de Russie,
recoiuraissant los droits suzerains de la Chine stir le Thihet et
considdrant que iiar suite de sa situation g6ogialihique la Grande-
Bretagno a un inter@t special a voir 1e regiine actuel des relations
ext6rieures du Thihet intdgralement maintemi , sont convenus de
I'Arrangeniert •snivaht:-
ARTICLE I.
Les deux Hautes Parties Gontractantes s'engagent a respecter
l'integritd teiritoriale du Thihet et a s'abstenir de toute ingdrence
daps son administration interieure.
ARTICLE II.
Se contori» uut air priueipe admix de la suzeraiiietd de is chine
sur le Thibet, la Giande - BretagneetIs Russies'engagerit ii tie
traitor aiee le Thibet flue par i'entreinise du. G,6ui,ernenient
Chinois .
Cot engageinernt n cxclut iiar toutetois les rapp"orta
directs des agents conrmerciaux Anglais avec les airtont6s
Thibdtaines prdvus par I'Article V dc la Convention (lit 7 Septembre,
1904, eutre Is Grande - Bretagne et-lc Thibet et cgnfirni $s par la
Convention dri 27 Avril; 1906,. entre la Grande-Bretagne et la
Chine ; it no inodifie pas non plus les engagements assumes par la
Grande-Bretagne et In Chin e on vertu de 1'Artiele I de la dice
Convention de 1906.
Il est hien entendu que les Bouddhistes tent su,jets . Br•itan-
uigries tide Ruses peuvent entrer en 'relations ilircetes sur le.
terrain strictenrent religieux avec Is Dalal-Lama et les antres
representants du Bouddhisme an Thihet ; les Gouvernements de la
Crande - 13retaa e et de Russie s'engagent, pour autant qu'i]
dependra d'eux , a ne pas admettre que ces relations puissent
porter atteinte aux stipulations du present Arrangement.545
3>
ARTICLE III.
Les Gouvernements Britannique et Russo s'engagent, chacun,
pour sa part, a ne pas envoyer de Reprdsentants a Lhassa.
ARTICLE IV.
Les Deux Ilautos Parties .s'en`ageut a no rechercher on
obtenir, ni pour lour propre compte, ni en faveur de leurs sujets,
aucunes Concessions de chemins de for, routes, t6legraphes et mines,
onautres droits an Thibet.,
ARTICLE V.
Los doux Gouvernements sont d'accord qu'aucaue partie des
rovenus du Thibet, soit en nature, soit en especes, no pent etre
engagie on assignee taut a In Grande-Bretagne et a la Russie qu'a
leers sujets.
Annexe, u l' hvzcnyea enl cntrc la Gi•raadc- Brelupnc et la Russie
concerncoLt le Tltibcl.
La Grande-Bretagne reaflirme la ddclaration signee par son
Excellence le Vice-Roi et Gouverneur-Gendral des Indes `et anne36e
a in ratification de In Convention du 7 Septembro 1904, stipulant
que 1'occupation de la Vallee do Chumbi par les forces Britanniques
prendra fin apres le paiement de trois annuit6s.de 1'indernnite de
25.00.000 roupies,A condition que les places do 2narche mention-
u6es dans 1'Article II de la dite Convention aient et6 elfectivement
ouvertes depuis trois ans et que les autorite's Thibetaines durant
cette pdriode se soient conformCes strictement sous tons les rapports
aux termer de la dite Convention do 1904. It est Bien entendu
qne: si l'occupation de in Vallee. du Churnbi par les forces Britan-
niques n'aura pas pris fin, pour quelque raison que ce soit, it
1'6poque pr6vue par la Declaration precitee, les Gouvernements
Britamnique et Russe'entreront dans un 6change do vues amical a
ce: siijet.
La_pr6sente Conventioni. sera ratifiee et les ratifications on
seront-echang6es a Saint-Pe'tersbourg aussitot quo faire se pourra..
En foi de quoi les Ple'nipotentiaires respectifs ont signd'la
presente Convention et y ont appos6 leers cachets.
Fait a Saint-Pe'tersbourg, en double expedition, le 18 (31) Aoilt,
'1907.
(L.S.)
A. NICOLSON.
(L.S.)
IS\VOLSKY.•546
(Translation.)
Convention.
His ,Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas,
Emperor of India, and His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias,
animated by the sincere desire to settle by mutual agreement
different questions concerning the interests of their States on the
Continent of Asia, have determined to conclude Agreements
destined to prevent all cause of misunderstanding between Great
Britain and Russia in regard to the questions referred to, and have
nominated for this purpose their respective Plenipotentiaries, to
wit:
His Majesty the Bing of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas,
Emperor of India, the Right Honourable Sir Arthur Nicolson, His
Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to His
Majesty the Emperor of All the ltussias;
His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, the Master of
his Court Alexander Iswolsky, Minister for Foreign Affairs ;
Who, having communicated to each other their full powers,
found in good and clue form, have agreed on the following:-
Ayrecmcnt coaWCrniny Persia.
The Governments of (treatBritain and Russia having mutually
engaged to respect the integrity and independence of Persia, and
sincerely desiring the preservation of order throughout that count
and its peaceful development, as well as the permanent establish-
ment of equal advantages for the trade and industry of all other
nations ;
Considering that each- of them has, for geographical and
eConomic reasons, a special interest in the maintenance of peace
and order in certain provinces of Persia adjoining, or in the
neighbourhood of, the Russian frontier on the one hand, and the
frontiers of Afghanistan and Baluchistan on the other hand; and
being desirous of avoiding all cause of conflict between their
respective interests in the above-mentioned provinces of Persia;
Have, agreed on the following terms :-
I.
Great Britain engages not to seek for herself, and not to
support in favour of British subjects, or in favour of the subjects
of third Powers, any Concessions of a political or commercial
nature-such as Concessions for railways, banks, telegraphs, roads,f
547
10
transport , insurance , c.-beyond a line starting from Kasr-i-
Shirin , passing through Isfahan, _ Yezd !Kakhk , and ending at a
point on the Persian frontier at the intersection of the Russian and
Afghan frontiers, and not to oppose, directly or indirectly, demands
for similar Concessions . in this region which are supported by the
Russiaii Goveitinent : It is understood -that.the aboveauentioned
places are included in the region in which Great Britain enaaaes,
not to seek the Concessions referred to.
I f.
1. ssiii, oil her part, mngagci not to seek for herself and not to
support, in favoin of Russian subjects, or iii favour of the subjects,
of third Powers, any Concessions. of a political or commercial
nature-such as Concessions for railways, Banks, telegraphs roads,
tiara sport, insuraiibe, c.-beyond a line going from the Afghan
frontier byway of Gazik, Birjand, Iiei•iiran, and ending ai Bander
Abbas, and not to oppose, directly or indirectly, demand's for
similar Concessions in this region which are supporterl_lby the
British GbFernuient. It is understood that the above-meintioned
places,ai•e included in the region in which Russia engages not to
seep the Concessions referred to.
M.
Russia, on her part, engages not to oppose, without previous
arrangement with Great Britain, the grant of airs Concessions
whatevet' to British subjects in the regions of Persia situated
between the lilies mentioned in Articles, I and II:
Great Britain undertakes a similar engagementns regards the
grant of Concessions to Russian subjects in the eaniie regions of
Persia.
All Concessions existing. at present in the mCgions indicated in
Articles' I and II are maintained.
Iv,
It is unde rstood that the revenues of all the Persian . customs,
with the exception of those of Farsistan and of tie Perian Gulf,
revenues guaranteeing the amortization and the interest of the
loans concluded by the Government of the Shah with the " Banque
d'Escompte et des Prets de Perse •" up to the date of the signature .
of the present Agreement, shall be devoted to the same purpose
as id the past. -
It is equally, iiiderstood that the revenues of the Persian
customs of Farsistad and of the Persian Gulf; 'as well as those'' of
the fisheries on the :Persiaii ihi'dte of the Caspiad 84 aiid those of548
3Y'
the Posts and Telegraphs, shall be devoted, as in the past; to the
service of the loans concluded by the Government of the Shah
with the Imperial Bank of Persia up to the date of the signature
of the present Agreement.
V.
In the event of irregularities occurring in the amortization or
the payment of, the interest of the Persian loans concluded with
the " Banque 'Escoinpte et des Frets de Perse " and with the
Imperial Bank of Persia up to the date of the signature of the
present Agreement, and in the event of the necessity arising for
Russia to establish control over the sources of revenue guaranteeing
the regular service of the loans concluded with the first-named
bank, and situated in the region mentioned in Article It of the
present Agreement, or for Great Britain to establish control
over the sources of revenue guaranteeing the regular service of the
loans concluded frith the second-named bank, and situated in the
region mentioned in Article I of the present Agreement, the
British and Russian Governments undertake to enter beforehand
into a friendly exchange of ideas with a view to determine, in
agreement with each other,, the measures of control in question
and to avoid all interference which would not be in conformity with
the principles governing the present Agreement.
Convention concerning Afrj1anislttn.
The High Contracting Parties, in order to ensure perfect
security on their respective frontiers in Central Asia and to
maintain in these regions a solid and lasting peace , have concluded
the following Convention :-
,,(Rube .I
F.
His Britannic Majesty's Government declare that they have no
intention of changing the political status of Afghanistan,
His Britannic Majeety's Government further engage to exercise
their influence in Afghanistan only in a pacific sense, and they
will not themselves take, nor encourage Afghanistan to take, any
measures threatening Russia.
The Russian Government, on their part, declare that they
recognize Afghanistan as 6utside the sphere of Russian influence,
and.they engage that all their political relations with Afghanistan
shall be conducted through the intermediary of His Britannic
Majesty.."s Government; they further engage not to send any
Agenfs into Afghanistan:12
ARTICLE If.
The Government of His Britannic Majesty having declared in
the Treaty signed at Kabul on the 21st March, 1905, that they
recognize the Agreement and the engagements concluded with the
late Aineer Abdur Rahman, and that they have no intention of
interfering in the internal government of Afghan territory, Great
Britain engages neither to- annex nor- to occupy in contravention
of that Treaty any portion of Afghanistan or to interfere in the
internal administration of the country, provided that the Ameer
fulfils" the engagements'" already contracted by him towards His
Britannic Majesty's -Government' under the -above-mentio ed
-
Treaty.
ARTICLE 111.
The Russian and Afghan authorities, specially designated for
the purpose on the frontier or in the frontier provinces, may
establish direct relations with each other for the settlement of
local questions of a non-political character.
ARTICLE 1V.
- '
His Britannic Aajesty's Government and the Russian Govern-
ment affirm their adherence to the principle of equality of com-
mercial opportunity in Afghanistan, and they agree that any
facilities which may. have been, or shall be hereafter, obtained for
British and British-Indian trade and traders, shall be equally
enjoyed by Russian trade and traders. ' Should the p:o,;ress of
trade establish the necessity for Commercial Agents, the two
Governments will agree as to what measures shall be taken, due
regard,-of course, being had to the Ameer's sovereign rights.
ARTICLE V. -
The present arrangements will only come. into fo rce, when His
Britannic Majesty's - Government shall have notified to the Russian
Government the consent'of the Anieer to the terms stipulated
above.
Agreement coricenimg Tleibet._ .
"The Governments of Great Britain and Russia recognizing =the
_Auzeiain rights ` of China in Thibet, and considering ' the fact that
Great Britain, by reason of her geoaaphieal position , has'a 'special13
interest in the maintenance of the status quo in the external
relations of Thibet, have made the following Agreement
ARTICLE I.
The two High Contracting Parties engage to respect the terri-
torial integrity of Thibet and to abstain from all interference in
its internal administration.
ARTICLE If.
In conformity with the admitted principle of the suzerainty of
China over Thibet, Great Britain and Russia engage not to enter
into negotiations with Thibet except through the intermediary of
the Chinese Government. This engagement does not exclude the
direct relations between British Commercial Agents and the
Thibetan authorities provided for in Article V of the Convention
between Great Britain and Thibet of the-7th September, 1904,
and confirmed by the Convention between Great Britain and China
of the 27th April, 1906; nor does it modify the engagements
entered into by Great Britain and China in Article I of the said
Convention of 1906.
It is clearly understood that Buddhists, subjects of Great
Britain or of Russia, may enter into direct relations on strictly
religionshnatters with the Dalai Lama and the other representatives
of Buddhism in Thibet; the Governments of Great Britain and
Russia engage, so far as they are concerned, not to allow those
relations to infringe the stipulations of the present Agreement.
ARTICLE III.
The British and Russian Governments respectively engage not
to send Representatives to Lhassa.
ARTICLE IV.
The two High Contracting Parties engage neither to seek nor
to obtain, whether for themselves or their subjects, any Con-
cessions for railways, roads, telegraphs, and mines, or other rights
in lnlnet.
ARTICLE V.
The two Governments agree that no part of the revenues of
Thibet, whether in kind or in cash, shall be pledged or assigned to
Great Britain or Russia or to any of their subjects.Aune% to tlu; Ap content betmeenGroat Britain
and R ssia
..
, - ,% 'n, FT-.
r ..0 '
r,.
.
-
concerning Thebet. -
Great Britain reatlirm^- the Declaration, signed by his Excel-
lency the Viceroy and Governor-General of India and appended
to the ratification of the Convention of the 7th September,1904,
to the effecttt af:the. occultation of, the Chilinbi Valley 'by Bi-itish
forces shall cease after the payment of three .aniiual instalments of
the indemnity of 25,00,000 rupees, provided that the trade marts
mentioned in Article II of that Convention have been effectively
opened for three years, and that i'n the meantime the Thibetan
authorities have faithfully complied in all respects with the terms
of the said Convention' of 1004" It !s oleaily understood that if
the -oocupation of the` Chumbi Valley by the British-forces has
for any reason, not been terminated at the tiine,an$icipated rn the
above Declaration the British" and Russian Government's ' will
enter upon a friendly exchange ofviews oii this subject:
The present Convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications
exchanged at St. Petersburgh as soon as possible,
In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have
5igued the piesent'Coinention acid affixed theieto their seals.
Done
the 18th (31st) August,
... in ...: duplicate at St. Petersburgh,
.
root:
A. NICO LSON.
( L.S.)
(L.S.)
ISWYOLSK .
Annexes.
b'lr A. lVicolsmt to X. fswolsky.
M. le Ministre ,
Saint-Pdtersbouig,
le 18 (31) Aoxit, 1907.
ME roferant a l'Arrangemcnt an sujct du Thibet sign
aujourd'hui , j'ai Phouuenr.de°.faic''e'h votre Excellence la dCelara-
ticn suivante
'.,'-Le Gouverneinent Britaunique juge utile, pour autaht,qu'il
ddpendra de lui ,`de nepasadmettre
awl
,
accord psFalable avec-le
Gouverneluent Rnsse, pour tine lnrdo de trois ans a partir de la
date do la pru.s ente cnnuunnieation , 1'entrue an Thibet dune
L.15
mission scientifique gueleonque, a condition, toutefois qu'une
assuranoe pareille soit'doiutee de Ia part' du GouSernement
Impdtial de Russie,'
"Te .Gouverhement Britannique se propose, on outre, do
s'adresser an Gouvernement Chinois afin de faire agrees a ce
Bernier line obligation analogue pour line p¢riole correspoudante
ii va dlo sdi que lit n0me dumarche serti faite1par to Gouverneinent
Russo.
"A 1'expitatiou du terme de trois aus prdcitd, le Gouvernement
Britannique avisera (Pun conun ul accord avee le Gouvernement
Russie h l'opportuuitd,'s'il y a lieu; des mesures tiltdrienresa
prendre concernant les expeditions scientifiques an Thibet." '
Josaisis, c.
(Signd)
A. NICOLSON.
(Translation.)
M. to Miuistro,
St. Petersburg!, August 18 (31), 1907.
.. Wiru reference to the Agreement regarding Thibet, signell
to-day, I have the honour to make the following Declaratio_n to
your' Excellency :-
. "His Britannic Majesty' s Government think it desirable, so f u'
as they are concerned , not to allow , unless by a previous agree-
iuent with the .Tiussian Government, for it period of three years
from the date of the present communication , the entry into 1'hibet
of any scientific mission whatever, on condition that it like
assurance is given on the part of the Imperial Russian
Government.
His Britannic Majesty 's Government propose, moreover, to
approach the Chinese Government with a view to induce them to
accept a similar obligation for a corresponding period ; the Russian
Government will, as a matter of course, take similar action.
"At the expiration of the term of three years above mentioned
His, Britannic-' Majesty's Government will, if necessary , consult
with the Russian Government as to the desirability of any ulterior
measures with regard to scientific expeditions to Thibet."
I avail, c.
(Signed)
A. NIC'OLSO\'.
(2.)
AT.. Isuolsky to Sir A. A'icolson.
Saint-Petersbourg,
to 18 (31) Aot?d, 1907.
M. l'Ambassadeur,
... EN- rdponse a la note de votre Excellence en date de ce join-, j'ai
!'honneur do dCclarer A moll tour qoe le Gouvernement Lnpdrial16
de Russie jtige utile; pour autant qu'il ddpendra de lui, do ne pas
admettre, sauf accord prdalable aved le Gouvernement Britan-
nique, pour une durde de trois ans ^a paxtir de la date.'do la
prdsente communication, l'entrdo an Thibet dune mission scien-
tifique quelcongiie.
. De neme quo
le Gouvcrnement Britannique, le Gouvernement
Impdrial se propose de s'adresser an Gouvernement Chinois afin do
faire agrdera ce dernier une obligation analogue pour une pdriode
corrospondante.
Il reste entendu gu'h 1'expiration du terme do trois ans lea
dent Gouvernetnents aviseront d'un conimun accord .t l'opportunitd,
s'il y a lien, do mesures ultdrieures :l prendi e conoornant les cxpd-
ditions scientifiquds an Thibet.
Veuillez agrder, c.
(Signd)
ISWOLSKY.
(Translation.)
M. 1'Ambassadeur,
St. Petersburyh, August 18 (31). 1907.
IN reply to your Excellency's note of to-day's date, I have the
honour to declare that the Imperial Russian Government think it
desirable, so far as they are concerned, not to allow, unless by a
previous agreement with the British Government, for a period of
three years from the date of the present communication, the entry
into Thihet of any scientific mission whatever.
Like the British Government, the Imperial Government pro-
-pose to approach the Chinese Government with a view to induce
then to accept a similar obligation for a corresponding period.
It is understood that at the expiration of the term of three
years the two Governments will, if necessary, consult with each
other as to the desirability of any ulterior measures with regard to
scientific expeditions to Thibet:
Accept, c.
(Signed)
ISWOLSKY.
i
Saif Fazel

Library:

Saif Fazel

Author:

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